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'''Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn''' (;[ "Solzhenitsyn"]. ''Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary''. , ; 11 December 1918 – 3 August 2008) (often Romanized to Alexandr or Alexander) was a Russian novelist, historian, and short story writer. He was an outspoken critic of the Soviet Union and communism and helped to raise global awareness of its Gulag forced labor camp system. He was allowed to publish only one work in the Soviet Union, ''One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich'' (1962), in the periodical ''Novy Mir''. After this he had to publish in the West, most notably ''Cancer Ward'' (1968), ''August 1914 (novel)|August 1914'' (1971), and ''The Gulag Archipelago'' (1973). Solzhenitsyn was awarded the 1970 Nobel Prize in Literature "for the ethical force with which he has pursued the...
Birth name{{nowrap|Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn}}
Birth date{{birth date|df =yes|1918|12|11}}
Birth placeKislovodsk, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic|Russian SFSR
Death date{{death date and age|df =yes|2008|08|03|1918|12|11}}
Death placeMoscow, Russia
CitizenshipRussian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic|Soviet Russia (1918–1922)
Soviet Union (1922–1974)
Statelessness|Stateless (1974–1990)[ "Solzhenitsyn Flies Home, Vowing Moral Involvement ..."], New York ''Times'', 27 May 1994. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
Soviet Union (1990–1991)
Russia (1991–2008)
Alma materRostov State University
Notableworks{{unbulleted list |{{nowrap|''One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich''}} |''The First Circle'' |''Cancer Ward'' |''The Gulag Archipelago'' ||''Two Hundred Years Together'' |''The Red Wheel''}}
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